Pubblicazioni scientifiche

Intraocular pressure control after combined phacotrabeculectomy versus trabeculectomy alone

European Journal of Ophthalmology 2021/3

Sacchi M, Monsellato G, Villani E, Lizzio R.A.U, Cremonesi E, Luccarelli S, Nucci P


We compared the efficacy and safety of trabeculectomy and phacotrabeculectomy in patients with glaucoma.


We retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients who underwent trabeculectomy or phacotrabeculectomy. Patients in the trabeculectomy group were pseudophakic. We established three different intraocular pressure (IOP) thresholds (A: <21 mmHg, B: <18 mmHg, and C: <15 mmHg) to measure complete (without medication) and qualified (with medication) success. Success criteria were analyzed through Kaplan-Meier survival curves.


Sixty-seven eyes were included (40 trabeculectomy, 27 phacotrabeculectomy). The mean follow-up period was 25.70 ± 14.439 months. The baseline characteristics were similar between the groups. The complete and qualified success rates according to criterion C were significantly higher in the trabeculectomy group (p = 0.033, p = 0.021, respectively); however, there was a trend toward a higher success rate for all criteria in favor of trabeculectomy. Bleb needling was more frequent in the phacotrabeculectomy group. The mean IOP significantly decreased from 26.46 ± 7.07 to 12.27 ± 4.06 at 12 months (p < 0.001). The final mean IOP was significantly lower in the trabeculectomy than in the phacotrabeculectomy group (10.95 ± 3.08 vs 13.00 ± 4.56, p = 0.0003).


In pseudophakic eyes, trabeculectomy alone achieves a higher success rate, lower mean IOP, and less frequent bleb needlings. More frequent follow-up and prolonged postoperative use of high-dose topical steroids should be considered in patients undergoing phacotrabeculectomy.



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